Lincoln Clark Andrews, Class of 1893, was born at Owatonna, Minnesota, 21 November 1867, oldest son of Charles T. and Mary Clark Andrews, and direct descendant of John and Mary Andrews (9th generation), founders of Farmington, Connecticut, 1640.
His family returned to New York, where his youth was spent at Wattems, Hector and Seneca Falls, where he was graduated at the head of his high school class. He was delayed in entrance to college by eye trouble and worked for some time on his father’s paper. He won an appointment to the Military Academy over seventeen competitors, and entered the Academy in June 1889, the oldest member of his class, and hence nicknamed “Daddy”.
As a “yearling” he was senior corporal and member of the color guard, as second classman senior sergeant, and as first classman senior lieutenant.
In his studies he always stood well and was graduated number 13 in the class of 51 graduates.
His earnest, intelligent attention to duty, together with a keen sense of humor and a most engaging manner endeared him to the members of the class, the families of the faculty, and the summer visitors to the Academy.
Upon graduation he was assigned to Troop “G”, 3rd Cavalry, which he joined at Fort Riley, Kansas after a leave spent at Washington and the Chicago World’s Fair, and at other places.
He served with his troop during the Debs riots in Chicago in 1894, afterwards spending a leave in Europe. In 1897 he entered the School of the Line at Fort Leavenworth.
In 1898 he served with his regiment in the Santiago campaign and later on mustering out duty. He was sick in the hospital and on sick leave for several months.
On March 2, 1899 he was promoted to First Lieutenant and on August 17, 1899 was appointed Major of Volunteers. He reported at Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont, where he was second in command of the 43rd Infantry, and in charge of the training of the regiment. He sailed from New York with the regiment which was assigned to the Kobbe expedition to operate in the Visayas, where he was active in many engagements. He was first American Governor of Leyte.
Later he visited Japan and returned to the United States and was detailed to organize a new Cavalry regiment, the 15th on March 26, 1901.
He sailed for Zamboanga, P.I. in January 1902, where he performed many important Quartermaster duties, culminating in a detail as assistant to the Chief of the Quartermaster Department in Mindanao.
In 1903 he was relieved from duty in the Philippines and detailed for duty at West Point, where he remained until December 25, 1906.
Under date of January 6, 1901 Major Andrews was recommended for brevet commissions of Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel of Volunteers, for gallantry in action at Hilangos and LaPaz, Mindanao, by the regimental commander, 43rd Infantry.
For services in World War I he was made an officer of the French Legion of Honor and Commander of the Order of the Crown of Italy.
In 1922 he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, General Pershing’s citation stating:—
“He originated in military training the analysis and study of the qualities of military leadership and the psychology of military training, and by his lectures and writing did much to make possible the successful training of thousands of civilians into efficient military leaders.
“He served in turn as organizer of the 304th Cavalry, as Commander of the 172nd Infantry Brigade as assistant to the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-5, General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, and as Deputy Provost Marshal, in all of which capacities he held positions of great responsibility and rendered exceptionally meritorious services.”
The following quoted extract from the Burlington (Vermont) Free Press gives an account of General Andrews’ service in World War I, and since retirement:
“General Lincoln C. Andrews”...”onetime Assistant Secretary of the Treasury under Andrew Mellon, 1925-27, and a graduate of West Point in 1893, died Friday night at the Veterans’ Hospital, Northampton, Mass.
“He served as brigadier-general in the National Army of World War I and retired, at his own request, in 1919 after 30 years of service.
“For 50 years, General Andrews has had his summer home at Westerly, Grand Isle, VT., and since his retirement has made his home in Burlington and recently in a nursing home in Winooski, Vt.
“Born at Owatonna, Minn., November 21, 1867, the son of Charles T. and Mary Clark Andrews of Schuyler County, New York, General Andrews had a colorful and brilliant career in the U.S. Army.
“An aide on the staff of General Sumner at the battle of Santiago, Cuba during the Spanish-American War, he was later made major of the 43rd Infantry Division, U.S. Volunteers, organized and trained at Fort Ethan Allen, VT. He saw active service with them in the Philippines, 1899-03, where he also served as governor of Leyte.
“The author of several military books, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by the War Department for ‘exceptional meritorious and distinguished services’.”
After retirement from the Army, General Andrews was called to various public and private administrative posts. He was executive officer of the New York Transit Commission; receiver of the New York Queens Railway Co., and was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury under Andrew Mellon, 1925-27, when he was in charge of the Coast Guard and of Prohibition Law Enforcement.
“General Andrews married Charlotte Williams Graves, daughter of the late Rev. and Mrs. Gemont Graves, D.D., of Burlington, VT, in 1899.
“He is survived by his wife; his son, John Graves Andrews of San Francisco; two grandsons, John Torrey Andrews and Marvin Clark Andrews; three sisters, Mrs. Frederick P. Eastman, South Bend, Ind., Miss Genevieve Andrews of Dundee, N.Y., and Mrs. Walter H. Magill, Germantown, Pa.; two brothers, Prof. Benjamin R. Andrews, Burlington and Don E. Andrews of Fairhope, Ala.
“One of General Andrews’ happy experiences, late in life, was a message he received from the survivors of his 43rd Volunteers. It was a medal bearing the following inscription:
“‘U.S. 43rd Infantry Volunteers—Luzon, Samar, Leyte, 1899-03—To Brigadier General Lincoln C. Andrews, Officer and Gentleman, Second to None’.
“His methods of training put emphasis upon character and mental activity in the leader and upon his developing the understanding, confidence and initiative and active co-operation of his men, rather than upon traditional military discipline.”
—L. F. K.